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SILENCE Blog » Blog 文章彙整 » [Lightroom 教學] 關於 Catalog
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SILENCE Blog

[Lightroom 教學] 關於 Catalog

2007, 9月 18 8:03 pm

什麼是 Catalog?

就我們所知﹐Lightroom 在管理照片﹐編修照片時﹐是不對原始照片檔案做更改的動作﹐那總該有記錄這些資訊的地方或檔案吧?因此存放這些資訊的就是 Catalog 的作用了!我們可將 Lightroom Catalog 想像成一個小型的「資料庫」,它存放著你匯入照片的 metadata(例如 tag﹐rating)、照片存放位置的路徑、於 develop module 編修的過程等等。皆保存在 Catalog 內。

預設的 Catalog 位置

當您第一次執行 Lightroom 時﹐預設的 Catalog 檔案會存放在 我的文件\我的圖片\Lightroom 內﹐裡面會有副檔名為 .lrcat 的檔案﹐這就是您的 Lightroom Catalog 囉 :) 另一個資料夾存放的資料為一些照片的預覽 cache。

Catalog location
▲預設的 Catalog 位置

設定 Catalog

general

現在來看看 Catalog 有什麼選項可以設定吧!點選 File -> Catalog Settings(Ctrl + Alt + ,)﹐於 General 頁面可以看見如下的對話框:

Catalog Settings
▲Catalog 設定

  • Information
    可以看見現在使用的 Catalog 一些相關資訊﹐例如存放位置﹐檔案大小等。
  • Backup
    設定備份週期﹐會於開啟 Lightroom 時提示您做備份。Lightroom 只備份 .lrcat 檔不含 Preview Cache﹐因此不必擔心太佔空間的問題。預設備份位置為我的文件\我的圖片\Lightroom\backup
  • Optimize
    若您覺得操作 Lightroom 比以往還慢﹐可以試試看這選項。

File Handling

Lightroom 會產生三種預覽快取:縮圖 cache、一般大小的 cache、1:1照片 cache。而 1:1 cache 會產生與原圖解析度相同的 cache﹐方便於 1:1 檢視時使用。於 File Handling 頁面﹐可以看見預覽照片快取(Preview Cache)的相關設定:

Preview Cache Settings
▲Cache 設定

  • Standard Preview Size
    記得剛說得三種快取嗎?這裡就是設定「一般大小 cache」的 pixel size﹐可以根據您使用的螢幕解析度來設定。
  • Preview Quality
    設定快取照片的品質
  • Automatically Discard 1:1 Previews
    因為 1:1 cache 較佔空間﹐可以設定多久之後要刪除此 Cache

Metadata

在 metadata 部份﹐可看見如下的設定頁面:

metadata settings

  • Offer Suggestions From Recently Entered Values
    可以設定您在編輯 metadata 時﹐是否要有「自動完成」的功能。
  • Write Develop Settings To XMP For JPG, TIFF, And PSD
    將 JPG, Tiff, PSD 於 Lightroom 的編修寫到 XMP 檔﹐可讓 Photoshop 讀取。
  • Automaticall write changes into XMP
    將更改過 metadata 的照片自動存成 XMP檔案。
  • Metadata Browser Categories
    設定 Library 模組 Metadata Browser 面板內的項目。

切換/新增 Catalog

Lightroom Catalog 並沒有限制只能用一個 Catalog﹐可以依照需求新增 Catalog!端看您怎分類﹐譬如我想把工作上的照片和休閒時間的照片分開﹐此時我就可以分成兩份 Catalog 來處理照片!

如何新增 Catalog 呢?點選 File -> New Catalog 可新增﹐若選擇 Open Catalog﹐並選擇其他的 .lrcat 檔案﹐則會切換目前使用中的 Catalog 喔。

若您擁有多個 Catalog﹐則可以設定開啟 Lightroom 時﹐使用哪一個 Catalog﹐此選項位於 Edit -> Prefrences(Ctrl + ,) 內。

Startup Catalog

非經同意﹐請勿任意轉載內容及圖片!

目前有 2 個回應, 2 個引用

[...] 上個星期跑到台北去找 Grace﹐當然這期間也帶著相機四處去走走玩玩﹐而拍完的RAW 檔先匯入到 Grace 電腦中的 Lightroom 觀看﹐也手癢調了一些照片。不過現在問題來了﹐當我回到台南後我想請 Grace 把 RAW 檔傳給我﹐並且要在我的 Lightroom 內有著相同的的調整參數、tag…等(畢竟放假時間有限不想再調一次照片啦)﹐這點該如何做到呢? 之前的教學曾經與大家分享過 Catalog,若還不熟悉的朋友可以先回去複習一下! [...]

[...] Size)的預覽快取(請參考 Catalog [...]

Jeff 回應此篇文章 於 2011, 11月 10

賽八好專業!(找lightroom的教學,找到你的…xd)

SILENCE 回應此篇文章 於 2011, 11月 11

@Jeff 謝謝捧場! 好久沒寫教學了 XD

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